Delhi Hindustani pronunciation:, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi, is the Capital territory of India. It has a population of about 11 million and a metropolitan population of about 16.3 million, making it the second most populous city and second most populous urban agglomeration in India. Such is the nature of urban expansion in Delhi that its growth has expanded beyond the NCT to incorporate towns in neighbouring states and at its largest extent can count a population of about 25 million residents as of 2014.
The NCT and its urban region have been given the special status of National Capital Region (NCR) under the Constitution of India's 69th Amendment Act of 1991. The NCR includes the neighbouring cities of Gurgaon, Noida, Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Neharpar (Greater Faridabad), Greater Noida, Bahadurgarh, Sonepat, Panipat, Karnal, Rohtak, Bhiwani, Rewari, Baghpat, Meerut, Alwar, Bharatpur and other nearby towns. A union territory, the political administration of the NCT of Delhi today more closely resembles that of a state of India, with its own legislature, high court and an executive council of ministers headed by a Chief Minister. New Delhi is jointly administered by the federal government of India and the local government of Delhi, and is the capital of the NCT of Delhi.
Delhi has been continuously inhabited since the 6th century BC. Through most of its history, Delhi has served as a capital of various kingdoms and empires. It has been captured, ransacked and rebuilt several times, particularly during the medieval period, and modern Delhi is a cluster of a number of cities spread across the metropolitan region.
|Languages||:||Hindi, English, Urdu and Punjabi|
|When to Visit||:||Nov to March|
|Climate||:|| October to March
Climate : Summer: 30 to 40 degree celsius
Winter: 10 to 20 degree celsius
Festivals of Flowers (Aug/Sep),
Ram Leela (Sep/Oct).
The Ala-I-Darwaza is an outstanding architectural work that glorifies the rich history of Delhi. The Ala ud din Khilji, who was the first Khilji sultan, originally built this gateway in the Qutub complex in Mehrauli. The gateway is decorated with intricate marble adornments
Bahai Temple is famously known as Lotus Templeowing to its resemblance to lotus flower. Lotus symbolizes four religions namely Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism and Jainism. Out of the seven major Bahai temples constructed around the world, the one in Delhi was constructed last. The structure was completed in theyear 1986 and pure white marble was used in the construction. The place is serene and is open for prayers and meditation by people who follow any religion. The nine pools of water around the petals is a sight to watch at dusk.
Located in the premises of the Red Fort. Its purpose was to serve as a congregation area for the general public. The Diwan-i-Am or the Hall of Public Audience is a place that attracts number of visitors annually. It initially had a courtyard at its front and was exquisitely
Built in the year 1570, Humayun’s Tomb is a monument built by Queen Haji Begum, widow of Humayun. The monument displays the inspiration of Persian architecture. The world famous Taj Mahal bears resemblance to this monument constructed during early Mughal rule in India. It is open on all days for visits. The best time to view Humayun’s Tomb would be in the late afternoon.
India Gate was constructed in the year 1931 as a war memorial for over 70,000 soldiers killed during First World War and Afghan War. The names of the soldiers are inscribed in the walls of India Gate. It was earlier known as “All India War Memorial”. Situated on Rajpath, India Gate looks stunning in the evening lights. The lawn throughout Rajpath’s stretch is frequented by people as the atmosphere is pleasant.
The iron pillar stands at the center of the Quwwatul Mosque in the premises of the Qutub Minar and is often regarded as one of Delhi's most curious structures. The structure dates back to 4th century A.D. when it was erected as a flagpole in honor of the Hindu god, Vishnu
The Jantar Mantar is one of the five astronomical observatories that were constructed by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur in the year 1724. It is easily reachable, since it is located in the Connaught place, which is a major commercial area of New Delhi
The Red Fort is a magnificent fort that represents the aristocratic styles of living of the Mughal rulers. One of the major attractions of the fort is the Light and sound show that is organized every evening to recreate the famed events that hallmark Delhi's history.
If you want to have a quiet day to escape the crowd and the busy life, this is where you need to be in Delhi. Lodi Gardens was built in 1936 by British around the tombs of the rulers of 15th and 16th centuries. The 90-acre Garden is an excellent place to relax, walk, jog and enjoy the beauty of nature. The National Bonsai Park situated in the Gardens is yet another attraction.
Mumtaz Mahal is a palace located in the Red Fort, inside Rang Mahal or the Color Palace. It is built entirely out of red sandstone. It is also known as the Jewel Palace. Mumtaz was the third and favorite wife of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan.
The National Rail Museum is located at Chanakyapuri in New Delhi. It is a huge attraction because of its compilation of trains, locomotives and carriages. There are beautiful models dating back to the olden days on display. The trains and coaches mark the development typical to each era of progress
The Parliament House is the building that is of supreme importance for the Indian sub continent. The decisions affecting the ruling of the nation are passed here. The house of the Parliament is located at the end of the Sansad Marg. This splendid structure was designed by Herbert Baker
The tallest tower in India, Qutab Minar, is said to be constructed to commemorate the victory and the beginning of Mughal era in India. The 73-meter tall tower was built by Qutab-ud-din Aibak after the last Hindu Kingdom was defeated. However, some say that it was built to serve as a minaret to call those faithful to prayer. Qutab Minar has five storeys and every storey is marked by a projected balcony. While red sandstone was used in the construction of first three storeys, marble and sandstone were used to construct the last two storeys. India’s first ever mosque, Quwwat-ul-Islam is at the foot of Qutab Minar.
Raj Ghat is the cenotaph built in honor of Mahatma Gandhi. It is located on the banks of the river Yamuna. This grave black marble podium marks the spot of Mahatma’s cremation on the 31 January 1948. An abiding flame at one end, which burns ceaselessly, flanks the platform.
The Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official house of the President of India, and is located at the west end of the Rajpath. The Rahstrapati Bhavan boasts of an architectural fashion that is a mixture of Mughal and classical European and is visited by many tourists.
Red Fort symbolizes the era of Mughal rule in India. The Fort,built in 1638, is a magnificent monument that captivates your attention and exhibits the show of architectural splendor of Mughals. The 33m high walls of Red Fort were built with a view to prevent invaders. Sound and light show is conducted here in the evenings. The one-hour long show recreates historical events associated with Red Fort. The Fort is closed for visits on Mondays.
Whatever faith you may be following, you could take your time to visit Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple, the world’s largest Hindu Temple. The 42 meter tall construction was completed in the year 2005. Apart from using concrete for the foundation, the entire construction was made using granites and marbles from all parts of the world. The structure stands proof of architectural excellence. In the 12 acres of land, you will find the temple, museum, several parks and a huge cultural center that throws light on the traditions and customs followed in India. You can go boating in the water canals here.
The Teen Murti Bhavan is a beautiful monument that is special since it was the home of Jawaharlal Nehru, who was the first Prime Minister of India. It was formerly known as the Flagstaff House, since in those days, it used to be the dwelling place of the British Commander-in-Chief.