The state of Haryana that belongs to the Kuru region of North India was formed on 1st November 1966. 'Adobe of God'is the Sanskrit meaning of the word Haryana. The state is referred as the cradle of Indus Valley and Vedic Civilization that flourished at the banks of the extinct Saraswati River. Chandigarh the union Territory is the capital of Haryana and also of Punjab. The Epic wars and other significant wars fought there has influenced the shaping of Indian History. Haryana was under the administration of Punjab Province in the British India. However, after independence the state became part of the Indian Union as the India's 17th state formed on linguistic basis in 1966.
Saraswati, the now extinct river is believed to have flowed through the state of Haryana. The Eastern boundary of Haryana is surrounded by the river Yamuna. Its main seasonal river is Ghaggar rising between Yamuna and Sutlej from the outer Himalayas. Markanda which was earlier known as Aruna is the other seasonal river of Harayana that originates from Shivalik Hills and enters the state near Ambala. Excess water of Markanda river reaches the Sanisa Lake where it merge with Saraswati. Other major stream is the Tangari that rises in the Mewat hills. Indori, Dohan and Kasawati are the other rivers that rise from the Mewat Hills.
|Languages||:||Hindi, Punjabi, Haryanvi Hindi|
|When to Visit||:||October to March
|Climate||:||Summer: 30 to 40 degree celsius
Winter: 15 to 30 degree celsius
|Festivals||:||Baisakhi Fair (April/May),
Ambala is one of the ancient cities in Haryana. Archaeological evidences found here prove that the land was inhabited as back as the Paleolithic age. During the British rule, the district of Ambala played its part by rising against the British army on many an occasion. Here are some of the important tourist destinations in Ambala.
Chandigarh earns the unique distinction of being the capital to two states – Punjab and Haryana. Considered the best planned city in India, Chandigarh has preserved its ancient beauty while keeping in line with the modern world. Here are the top attractions in Chandigarh:
Faridabad is the biggest city in the state of Haryana. It is ranks amongst the leading industrial hubs making a fat contribution to the state’s revenue. Though the city is not as ancient as some of the major cities in Haryana, it has its share in history. Given below are some of the tourist spots in Faridabad.
Gurgaonis the second largest city in the state of Haryana. The land has spiritual importance as it finds place in Mahabharata. It adds to Haryana’s overall contribution in industrial sector with its amazing infrastructure. No wonder it has emerged as the state’s corporate capital. The tourist attractions in Gurgaon include the following:
Hisar is yet another part of Haryana that boasts of rich historic association. The land has evidences of being home to pre-historic man. The monuments here are feast to those who love to have a feel of the bygone era. Here are the top tourist destinations in Hisar.
The significance of Karnal’s place in history will be appreciated by those who have read Mahabharata. The city is said to have been established by Kauravas for King Karna, who was famous for his generosity and the attitude to give away anything anyone requested of him. Here are the leading attractions of ‘The City of Daanvir Karna’, as Karnal is also called.
Kurukshetra is a popular pilgrim destination as this ancient land was the battleground of the famous Mahabharata war. Dating back to 2800 BC, the land is where Lord Krishna preached Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna on the eve of the epic war. Here are the leading tourist attractions in Kurukshetra:
The only hill station in Haryana, Morni is a scenic delight. The lush greenery and the dense forests make you feel oneness with nature. This is the right place to land if you love trekking. Boating and cycling facilities are also available here. Here are some interesting places to visit and do in Morni Hills.
Panchkula is a satellite city of Chandigarh. The land was named thus as it is home to five irrigation canals.
Situated on River Yamuna banks, Panipat finds mention in Mahabharata as one of the five cities founded by the five Pandava brothers. Its historical importance extends beyond Mahabharata as the place witnessed three crucial battles in the history of India. The tourist attractions in Panipat are given below:
Pinjore, a town situated at 1800 feet above sea level, is one of the beautiful tourist destinations in Haryana. It is home to Asia’s best garden of the 17th century. Apart from being beautiful, the garden attracts historians and archaeologists alike. Given below are some of the tourist attractions in Pinjore.
Sonipat is said to be in existence even before the times of Mahabharata. It is said that the place was founded by the Pandava brothers. The place gains importance for being among the five towns demanded by the Pandava brothers in an attempt to avoid war. Here are the top attractions in Sonipat: