Uttar Pradesh abbreviated as UP, is a state located in Northern India. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh. Ghaziabad, Kanpur, Moradabad, Bareilly, Aligarh, and Varanasi are known for their industrial importance in the state. On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved out from the Himalayan hill region of Uttar Pradesh.
The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and the country of Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Jharkhand to the southeast, Chhattisgarh to the south and Madhya Pradesh to the southwest. It covers 243,290 square kilometres (93,933 sq mi), equal to 6.88% of the total area of India, and is the fourth largest Indian state by area. With over 200 million inhabitants in 2011, it is the most populous state in the country as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world. Hindi is the official and most widely spoken language in its 75 districts. Uttar Pradesh is the third largest Indian state by economy, with a GDP of ₹9763 billion (US$150 billion). Agriculture and service industries are the largest parts of the state's economy. The service sector comprises travel and tourism, hotel industry, real estate, insurance and financial consultancies.
Uttar Pradesh was home to powerful empires of ancient and medieval India. The two major rivers of the state, the Ganges and Yamuna, join at Allahabad and then flow as the Ganges further east. The state has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations, such as the Agra, Varanasi, Piprahwa, Kaushambi, Kanpur, Ballia, Shravasti, Kushinagar, Lucknow, Jhansi, Allahabad, Budaun, Meerut and Mathura, Jaunpur.
|When to Visit||:|| Oct - Mar
|Climate||:||Summer-45c to 11c
Winter: 32c to 2c
Monsoon: June To September.
|Festivals||:||Magh Mela, Allahabad (Jan-Feb),
Holi (Feb/March), Janmashtami(Aug/Sep),
Ram Lila & Dassera (Sep/Oct),
It might sound odd thatAgraovertakes Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh. It is no wonder, considering the fact that Agra is home to the world famous Taj Mahal. This ancient city has wonderful monuments making you awestruck by the sheer brilliance behind the construction. Here are some top attractions for you to visit in Agra.
Known for its famous ‘Locks’, the city of Aligarh is a historical city in Uttar Pradesh. The city is famous for being the ground for the famous battle of Aligarh which involved the British takeover of the Aligarh fort from the Maratha Confederacy. The city’s famous Aligarh fort is thus a must visit. The city is also famous for the various tombs of the Muslim saints. The Aligarh Muslim University is a famous college established in 1875-78. There are also various marketplaces in this city and should definitely be visited.
For those who follow Hinduism, Allahabad is an important pilgrim center as Lord Brahma, the creator according to Hinduism, landed at this place on earth. The city is located at the confluence of three rivers namely Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswathi. This ancient city, also called as Prayag, witnesses one of the largest gatherings of religious nature during Kumbh Mela once every 12 years. Here are the top attractions in Ahmedabad.
Ayodhya, the ancient city, is amongst the sacred cities for followers of Hinduism, as it is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Rama. It is also a place of religious significance for followers of Islam as the place was home to Babri Masjid belonging to the 16th century. Given below are some of the important attractions in Ayodhya.
Fatehpur Sikri, the 16th century city, was built by the renowned Mughal emperor Akbar. Though the city was at its glorious height only for a short period owing to scarcity of water, its breathtaking architecture makes the city eternally famous. The palaces found here reflect the architectural brilliance of the bygone era. Here are some top spots that need to be visited on your tour to Fatehpur Sikri.
Well-known cities and the lesser-known cities of Uttar Pradesh have a blend of religion, history, natural beauties and architectural excellence and hence you may not be surprised to note that Jhansi has its share in the common trait of the land. This historic city is situated on Pahujor Pushpavati riverbanks. Given below are some of the tourist attractions in Jhansi.
On the banks of the River Ganges lies Kanpur, the biggest city in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It was earlier called Manchester of the country. Being a major industrial center, Kanpur is now referred to as the commercial capital of Uttar Pradesh. Some of the important tourist attractions in Kanpur include:
Kushinagar is a popular Buddhist pilgrim center. This ancient city gains more importance, as this was where Lord Buddha made his last sermon. The historic significance of the place can be gauged by the archaeological evidences unearthed from here. The place finds a place in Hieun Tsang’s travelogues as well. Here are the top attractions of Kushinagar.
The capital of Uttar Pradesh and famously referred to as ‘The city of Nawabs’,Lucknow retains its ancient charm with such authority that you will find yourself in a different world. It was the capital of Nawabs of Awadh. The city enjoyed the generosity of the Nawabs and hence flourished in music, literature, arts and crafts. Given below are some of the important attractions in Lucknow.
Mathura is considered the birthplace of Lord Krishna and hence it is one amongst the seven sacred cities for followers of Hinduism. This ancient town has a number of temples belonging to various ages. It was earlier a Buddhist center and was home to 20 monasteries before Hinduism rose to prominence. Some of the tourist attractions of Mathura include:
Meerut is an ancient city and many of its historical buildings date back to the era of the Indus Valley Civilization. Like most cities in Uttar Pradesh the city was constantly ailed by vicious attacks by various invading armies and many of its structures being demolished. Meerut saw its rise under the rule of the Mughals and was a prominent site during the 1857 revolt. The place is considered to be an important historical town and has plenty of monuments and memorials that can be visited.
Sarnath is yet another important pilgrim center for followers of Buddhism as it was here Buddha gave his first sermon. The place is sacred for Jains as well. Excavations conducted here reveal how this ancient city flourished in the past. Some of the leading attractions in Sarnath include:
‘The Religious Capital of India’ as Varanasi is called, is frequented by pilgrims from various parts of the world. Considered one amongst the seven holy spots for those who follow Hinduism, the land attracts those who belong to other faiths too. It lies on the banks of the river Ganges, which adds magic to the atmosphere. Given below are the top tourist spots in Varanasi.
Vrindavan is an important destination for pilgrims belonging to Hinduism, as it is associated with Lord Krishna. Most of the temples found here are ancient. Located near Mathura, these two cities are considered twin holy cities. Given below are some of the leading tourist destinations in Vrindavan.